Common Skin Diseases in Singapore

What is Skin?

Our skin is the largest organ covering our body and the entire outside of our body and helping many vital functions. In addition to that, our skin regulates temperature, stores of water, fat and vitamin D. It also senses stimulation around us. Our skin in made of three layers – the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous layer and our skin can be subjected to various common diseases.

Acne is the most common skin disease. Acne is characterized by small, red pustules that develop when the skin’s oil glands and pores become clogged and inflamed. Acne is most common in adolescents, but can occur through adulthood.

Also called atopic dermatitis, eczema is a long-term inflammatory skin condition characterized by dry, itchy skin and red, scaly rashes on the face, elbows, back of knees, and hands and feet. Symptoms generally develop in infants and occur in different locations and with varying severity over time.

Hives are red, itchy bumps on the skin that are common and usually go away on their own, but sometimes pose the risk of health problems. They arise most often from allergic reactions to many different types of allergens such as pets, foods, medications, infections or stress.

Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by red, scaly and itchy patches of skin. Psoriasis can occur at any age, but most commonly arises in the 30s. The patches are most often found on the elbows, knees, legs, scalp, face, palms, lower back and soles of the feet.

Common Warts
Warts are small growths on the skin caused by the human papilloma virus, or HPV. Most commonly found on the hands and fingers, warts are non-cancerous and usually harmless, but those afflicted often have them removed due to appearance. Treatment is aimed at preventing the spread of warts.

Skin Cancer
Along with melanoma, two other less severe forms of skin cancer exist, basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma but are highly curable if treated early. As with all skin cancers, avoiding excessive UV light exposure is the best way to prevent skin cancer from developing.

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